It was mapped in the 60s of the last century. In 1971 year a legal experiment was carried out with 4 people who were placed in the 60-meter gap for a month (there is also a book “Sky of Stone”).
In 1970, Topchika Cave was declared a natural landmark. Topchika Cave was inhabited by primitive people during the Old Iron Age. From this period drawings and animal engravings (horse, deer, goat), animal remains (cavity tooth, dog tooth, cervical and vertebral vertebrae, jaws of ruminants, etc.) and ceramic fragments of small and medium-sized pottery were found on site.